Classification of interpersonal space needs for team activity.
What do Astronauts Do Together?
Team Activity Classes
Teamwork is a recognized variable for the success of space exploration. The importance of team activity grows with the strain on crew from factors such as mission length and delayed communication with friends and family. While our understanding of the organizational structures and the personality types that contribute to an effective team is well-addressed, the spatial needs for team activity are less understood due to their association with more subjective cultural or personal preferences.
As a result, no design guidelines or standards exist for equipment to support team activity. This is important now because work space will be at a higher premium than ever before as we leave low earth orbit and because team activity may help maintain social cohesion on long space flights.
The first step towards this understanding is determining what team activities take place on the International Space Station. In 2014, NASA’s Human Factors Research Review Panel determined that team activities are not currently addressed in any of their research programs, and that no one even has a good idea of what team activities are taking place.